Volume 10 , Issue 3 , June 2021 , Pages: 142 - 150
The Attitude and Behavior of Chinese Residents During the Outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Cross-Sectional Study
Yanfei Li, Department of Spinal and Trauma, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, China
Siyun Wang, Nursing School, Sichuan College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Mianyang, China
Cuiqing Liu, Department of Nursing, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, China
Weiju Chen, School of Nursing, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China
Received: Mar. 7, 2021;       Accepted: Apr. 2, 2021;       Published: Apr. 29, 2021
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajns.20211003.11        View        Downloads  
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the behavior and attitude of Chinese residents about the prevention of COVID-19 during the outbreak of global infectious diseases. Design and Methods: A cross-sectional online survey of Chinese residents was conducted using convenience and snowball sampling techniques. Online questionnaire survey was conducted from March 7 to March 14, 2020, and the respondents were community residents who could operate smart phones independently. By 24:00 on March 14, 908 questionnaires had been collected, of which 899 were valid. Findings: Focus on the availability and effectiveness of older adults in accessing vectors for epidemic information. Pay attention to the attitude and behavior of disease prevention measures of the group with low educational background. Monthly income is an important factor in adopting healthy behaviors. Therefore, in the case of shortage of epidemic prevention manpower resources, the focus will be more epidemic prevention manpower distribution in low-income, low educational population population. The community residents with high education and high income can serve as the secondary key area. Give play to the social function of all walks of life to ensure the supply of life materials. In the case of shortage of materials, priority should be given to the distribution of materials to prevent the epidemic, to ensure the basic operation of the city. Positive self-efficacy can encourage people to adhere to healthy behaviors, so as to ensure their health without being infected. Conclusions: In terms of the implementation of epidemic prevention measures, the government or social organizations should pay more attention to the characteristics of the key population and carry out targeted measures, especially the elderly, the elderly living alone, the low-income people with low educational background. At the same time, we will focus on the compliance of prevention and control measures for low-income and low-educated people, and intensify publicity and material support. The government should give full play to the social function of all walks of life, ensure the supply of materials for people who are quarantined at home, intensify the media propaganda, and release the epidemic information in an open, transparent, accurate and timely manner, so as to increase the information of residents against the virus.
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), Health Belief Model, Chinese Residents, A Cross-Sectional Study
To cite this article
Yanfei Li, Siyun Wang, Cuiqing Liu, Weiju Chen, The Attitude and Behavior of Chinese Residents During the Outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Cross-Sectional Study, American Journal of Nursing Science . Vol. 10 , No. 3 , 2021 , pp. 142 - 150 . doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20211003.11
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
[ 1 ]
Sun P, Lu X, Xu C, Sun W, Pan B. Understanding of COVID-19 based on current evidence. J Med Virol. 2020 Jun; 92 (6): 548-551. doi: 10.1002/jmv.25722. Epub 2020 Mar 5. PMID: 32096567; PMCID: PMC7228250.
[ 2 ]
National health commission, PRC. Covid-19 protocol for diagnosis and treatment (seventh edition). [EB/OL]. (2020-03-09).
[ 3 ]
Yuan JM, Ren H, Sun Y, Wang Ke Chen MW.. Analysis and reflection on the transmission routes of SARS-COV-2.[J/OL]. Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University (Medical Sciences)
[ 4 ]
Bai Y, Yao L, Wei T, Tian F, Jin DY, Chen L, Wang M. resumed Asymptomatic Carrier Transmission of COVID-19. JAMA. 2020 Feb 21. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.2565. [Epub ahead of print].
[ 5 ]
Qiu J. Covert coronavirus infections could be seeding new outbreaks. Nature. 2020 Mar 20. doi: 10.1038/d41586-020-00822-x. [Epub ahead of print].
[ 6 ]
Wang C, Hornby PW, Hayden FG, Gao GF. A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. Lancet [published online January 24, 2020]. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30185-9. Paules CI, Marston HD, FauciAS. Coronavirus infection—more than just the common cold. JAMA [published online January 23, 2020]. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2020.0757
[ 7 ]
S. Zhao, Q. Lin, J. Ran, S. S. Musa, G. Yang, W. Wang, et al. Preliminary estimation of the basic reproduction number of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in China, from 2019 to 2020: a data-driven analysis in the early phase of the outbreak Int J Infect Dis, 92 (2020), pp. 214-217, 10.1016/j.ijid.2020.01.050.
[ 8 ]
C. Biscayart, P. Angeleri, S. Lloveras, T. Chaves, P. Schlagenhauf, A. J. Rodriguez-MoralesThe next big threat to global health? 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV): What advice can we give to travellers? — Interim recommendations January 2020, from the Latin-American Society for Travel Medicine (SLAMVI) Travel Med Infect Dis (2020), Article 101567, 10.1016/j.tmaid.2020.101567.
[ 9 ]
W. G. Carlos, C. S. Dela Cruz, B. Cao, S. Pasnick, S. JamilNovel Wuhan (2019-nCoV) coronavirus Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 201 (2020), pp. P7-P8, 10.1164/rccm.2014P7.
[ 10 ]
World Health Organization, WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 23 March 2020.
[ 11 ]
World Heaith Organization, Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public,
[ 12 ]
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in China 2020 Feb 17; 41 (2): 145-151. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2020.02.003. [Epub ahead of print].
[ 13 ]
World Heaith Organization, WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 5 March 2020,
[ 14 ]
Champion VL, Scott CR: Reliability and validity of breast cancerscreening belief scales in African American women. Nurs Res. 1997, 46 (6): 331-337.
[ 15 ]
Gao XY, Zhao XQ. Responsibility and mission of mainstream communication in public health emergencies [J]. Chinese Editors Journal, 2020 (Z1): 4-9.
[ 16 ]
Wang JX. Information, trust, confidence: The core influencing factors of social mentality under epidemic prevention and control [N]. Guangming Daily, 2020- 02-07.
Browse journals by subject